Antenatal counseling: in the diagnosis of congenital malformations during pregnancy, with scheduling for surgical correction after birth if needed. In some cases, the surgical procedure can be performed in the mother’s uterus that we called fetal surgery.
Neonatal surgery: it comprises babies from birth to 28 days of life, premature or full-term births. Congenital malformations predominate in this age group.
General pediatric surgery: after the neonatal period, it involves both congenital malformations with later diagnosis, as well as other elective or urgent pathologies, of the various organic systems.
Pediatric urological surgery: investigation and treatment of urinary system diseases and external genitalia problems.
Pediatric trauma surgery: the treatment of polytraumatized children has a different assessment due to their distinct characteristics when compared to adults. The pediatric surgeon plays an essential role in emergency services.
Pediatric oncologic surgery: tumors, benign or malignant, have differentiated presentation and outcome, based in unusual histological characteristics that define the therapy.
Pediatric video laparoscopy: in fact, it is not an area of activity, but a surgical technique that requires surgeon’s skills for being applied in various situations of daily practice of the specialty.
Robotic pediatric surgery: like laparoscopy, it is a surgical technique that requires specific and intensive training with highly sophisticated and expensive equipment. Few pediatric hospitals in Europe avail this method as a treatment choice in selected cases.